The state of Hawaii lies in the Pacific Ocean, about 2,000 miles west of California in the U.S mainland. This archipelago consists of 137 volcanic islands comprising almost the entire Hawaiian archipelago. Located at the center of the Pacific in the Polynesian subregion of Oceania, Hawaii is one of the most diverse states in the United States.  

With its fecund soil and tropical climate, Hawaii has a plantation economy and has been a major exporter of agricultural products with honey bees as the most important export. Since the mid-20th century, the state’s economy has slowly developed into a more diverse one, with tourism and military defense as its mainstay. Other dominant industries are sandalwood, sugarcane, whaling, pineapple, and education.  

The Hawaiian dollar or dala was Hawaii’s monetary unit from 1847 until 1898. The dollar was subdivided into 100 cents or keneta and was at par with the United States dollar.  

Printed by the American Bank Note Company, Hawaiian banknotes bear designs initially made for South American clients of ABNC. They are extremely rare and only very few are known to survive. All of the banknotes are manually signed by the Registrar of Public Accounts at the lower left of the obverse and the Minister of Finance at the lower right.   

In 1879, the first set of Hawaiian dollar paper bills was issued. These were called the Silver Certificate issues and were in denominations of $10, $20, $50, and $100. Following the overthrow of the monarchy on January 17, 1893, a new family of notes, the Gold Certificate issues, was released. These notes are predominantly yellow and were redeemable in US gold. The banknotes are bound in leather booklets of 500 pieces and have counterfoils. Upon issuance, the counterfoil had to be filled out with the name of the recipient and the date. Afterward, they needed to be cut with scissors. 

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